Cages Without Bars: Pretrial Electronic Monitoring Across the United States
From 2005 to 2015, the number of people on electronic monitoring (EM) in the U.S. more than doubled, surpassing 120,000. The North American market for EM is projected to grow from $850 million in 2019 to $1.2 billion in 2023. This growth has been particularly remarkable in the pretrial sector. Yet there is a lack of data-driven evidence to determine whether pretrial EM is an effective tool in reducing rates of re-arrest or increasing appearance rates.